The 18th ArchaeoSciences Seminar

The Research Institute of the University of Bucharest (ICUB) is pleased to announce the 18th ArchaeoSciences Seminar.

These seminars are an original initiative of our division that has the goal of providing a setting for professionals in the Archaeological Sciences field from different parts of the world, to share knowledge, and transmit meaningful information about the latest issues regarding the current methods and approaches used to study the past. It is also a chance for Romanian students to learn more about the various interdisciplinary aspects of archaeology.

This seminar will take place on 22 November 2021, online, and our guest speakers are Dr. Thomas K. Harper from Pennsylvania State University (USA), and Dr. Aleksandr Diachenko, National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (Ukraine).

Our guests will give an online presentation entitled “Regional variability in the chronology of the Cucuteni-Tripolye cultural complex and its typological variants”.

Thomas is an anthropological archaeologist specializing in human paleoecology, demography, subsistence, spatial modeling and radiocarbon dating. He participates in research projects regarding archaeology and human population genomics in contexts all over the world, but his main focus is the Eneolithic period in Ukraine. He has collaborated with Aleksandr Diachenko and IANANU since 2010, contributing to field projects at the sites of Talianki and Ozhevo-Ostrov and to broader research efforts regarding migration, subsistence and ecology during the fifth and fourth millennia BC. Thomas’s major accomplishments in the area of Cucuteni-Tripolye archaeology include EENSR, a public repository of settlement archaeology data covering Ukraine, Moldova and Romania. Since 2017 he has led an ongoing effort to produce a concordance between the relative and absolute chronology of the complex, bringing together eminent Ukrainian specialists in Tripolye typochronology with specialists in radiocarbon dating from the United States.

Aleksandr is an anthropological archaeologist specializing in archaeological modeling, demography, spatial systems and the Eneolithic period in Ukraine. A major component of Aleksandr’s work has entailed the creation of space-time models that illustrate regionally variegated processes of human migration and social complexity. His research forms a bridge between traditional typochronological and advanced computational and archaeometric approaches, while uniting diverse scholars from Ukraine, the European Union and the United States. His recent work focuses on micro-chronology of sites belonging to different time periods, regional chronologies of Tripolye settlements and the dynamics of cultural development. Currently he excavates the Tripolye B2 settlement of Kamenets-Podolskiy (Tatarysky) in collaboration with Iwona Sobkowiak-Tabaka.

Their lecture will explores the absolute chronology of the Western Tripolye culture by examining its broad typo-chronology, which is suggestive of a high degree of mobility and technological transfer between regions. The proposed approach utilize relative sequences —proposed by ceramic specialists Sergei Ryzhov and Taras Tkachuk—based on frequency seriation and occurrence seriation of pottery. Detailed sequences of sites enable the construction of intra-regional and inter-regional chronologies, which in turn enable the use of mathematical simulations of settlement, migration and the space-time spread of material assemblages. The authors recently tested these models and their assumptions through the use of high-resolution AMS radiocarbon dating on material from sites representing diagnostic types, and propose a high-resolution chronological sequence for the development of the Western Tripolye culture. Their results support the sequence of the relative chronology and offer an opportunity to propose a new synthesis of relative and absolute dates.

Due to the special measures imposed by COVID-19 pandemic, the lecture will be online, on 22/11/2021, starting at 03:30 pm (EET), via Google Meet Platform:

meet.google.com/zue-ewya-vrx

We look forward to exciting discussions!

ArchaeoScience#RO Team

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